Archive for February, 2013

Roza “Damascena” and Bulgaria.

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Roza “Damascena”

Rosa Damascena is best cultivated in hedge rows to help protect the blooms from wind and to facilitate ease of picking. Gathering the flowers is quite labor intensive as it must be done by hand. There are about twenty to forty days per year when harvesting occurs, depending on the type of Rosa Damascena cultivated in the region. The roses are gathered by hand and brought to a central location for steam distillation.
The largest producers of rose oil from the different names all falling under the name Rosa Damascena are Bulgaria and Turkey. France and India also contribute significantly to the world market. Morocco, Tunisia and some other Middle Eastern countries have historically produced rose oil, but their modern contribution is minimal.
Bulgaria is a small country, but it is well known in the world with production of rose oil. The town of Kazanlak in Bulgaria was founded in 1420. It is assumed by most historians that the cultivation of the Kazanlak Rose began around that period. Rosa Damascena, known in this region as the Kazanlak Rose, were reportedly brought to the area by a Turkish judge who brought them from Tunisia and cultivated them in his own fragrant garden, and is now cultivated for commercial use in an area surrounding Kazanlak called the “Valley of Roses.” The distillate from these roses is sold as ‘Bulgarian Rose Oil” and “Bulgarian Rose Otto”.

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Attar of roses

• Appearance: easy flowing liquid

• Color: yellow to yellow-green

• Aroma: warm, tsvetochen particularly dense fine with weak sizzling and copper notes typical of Bulgarian rose oil


Bulgarian rose oil is known worldwide as the finest essential oils, or “Attar of roses.” It is obtained by water-steam distillation of the flowers of oil rose “Rosa Damascena Mill”. Intricate structure of 275 micro elements determined unrivaled qualities. Main components are phenyl ethyl alcohol, citronellol, geraniol and nerol. Other components in the oil are in very small quantities, but they are equally important to its final quality.

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Hello world!

Welcome to the world of  Bulgarian roses and rose oil !

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Bulgaria is a small country, but it is known in the world with production of rose oil. In the heart of the country, between the towns of Karlowo and Kazanlak is located the 60-km long “Rose Valley”. In this valley are situated gardens with rose “Damascena”. Similar plantations of such roses have only in India and China.
The blossoms of rose “Damascena” are small. Three weeks are necessary to gather manually. Hundreds of pickers participate in the harvest similar it was in for centuries. Now the pickers are women from surrounding villages.

About 1,5kg of rose oil is needed more than 2 000 000 rose blossoms. For one day pickers gather up to 30 kg roses. They begin working in the early morning before sunrise. This is the right time when the roses are bathed in dew and the concentration of rose oil is highest.

The roses were brought to the territory of Bulgaria from Damask, more than 300 years. A century ago when was created  the Institute of rose, the production of rose oil was booming. Bulgaria has around 9000 hectares roses gardens and annual produces between 3000 and 6000 kg rose oil.
It takes several years to be able rosebushes give good yields. Every year the quality of rose oil improves. Extracted by distillation expensive rose oil is buying from other countries -France, USA, UK and producers of fragrances from around the word, for example a concern as “DIOR”.

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